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Dictionary of Unsung Architects   return to DUA index
WALTER P POLLOCK (1920-2010)

Biographical Overview

Born in Vienna, Austria, on 25 December 1920, Walter Paul Pollock (ne Pollak) was the son of Rudolf Guenter Pollak and Marianne Pollak Salz.  At the outbreak of the Second World War, he fled to England, where he worked as a farmer in Sussex before being apprehended as an enemy alien in May 1940.  Along with more than 2,000 other refugees similarly apprehended (including furniture designer Fred Lowen and Bauhaus-trained artist Ludwig Hirschfeldt-Mack), Walter Pollak was sent to Australia aboard the Dunera.  Arriving in Sydney, he was detained in internment camps at Tatura, Orange and Hay before being released in March 1942.  Settling in Melbourne, he commenced his architectural studies at the University of Melbourne.  Evidently, the young man had already gained some professional experience whilst still living in Austria as, in 1945, the Australian Home Beautiful published illustrations of a design that he had prepared for "a small residence built in Europe in the years immediately preceding the outbreak of War".  

Naturalised in 1946 (after which he anglicised the spelling of his surname), Pollock graduated in May 1950, receiving first-class honours in six out of seven subjects.  His fellow graduates that year included such up-and-coming names as Donald Bailey, Don Fulton, Hans Lorraine, Stewart Handasyde, Brian O'Connor and Phyllis Slater (later Mrs John Murphy).  Registered as an architect by the end of the year, Pollock initially found employment in the drawing office of the Melbourne Metropolitan Board of Works (MMBW).  By the mid-1950s, Pollock was working in association with architect Kenneth McDonald (whom he had studied with at university) before establishing his own private practice around 1959.

Pollock's two best-known projects were houses that he designed for his own family. The first, built in Heidelberg in 1959, was located on part of a former cemetery, and the human remains had to be relocated elsewhere prior to construction.  Designed in the hard-edged modernist style typical of European-trained emigre architects, the flat-roofed glass-walled residence appeared in the Australian Home Beautiful in 1961.  A decade later, Pollock designed and built a new house in Toorak, which was similarly flat-roofed with full-height windows, albeit this time with a stepped roofline, courtyard plan, face brickwork and landscaped setting, reflecting the more relaxed modernist style of the early 1970s.

Walter Pollock died in September 2010 at the age of 89 years.


Select List of Projects

1954
1959
1959

1960
1962
1966
1968
1971
197
2
Factory for Kingsley Insulation Pty Ltd, North Road, Oakleigh East
Residence for self, 193 Hawdon Street, Heidelberg
Residence for H Segal, 7 Bernard Street, Balwyn North
Plan No A351 for the Australian Women's Weekly Home Planning Service
Headquarters for Waterside Workers' Federation, Flinders Street, Melbourne
Flats for Alberto Heights Pty Ltd, Albert Street, East Melbourne
Residence, 15 Farmer Street, Brighton East
Office building for Advertising Associates, 164 Albert Road, South Melbourne
Factory for Hoescht
Australia Ltd
Residence for self, 1a Grong Grong Court, Toorak

House by Pollock in Austria
Design for house in Austria by Walter Pollak (c.1939)
(source: Australian Home Beautiful, Reeves Collection)


Pollocks own house in Heidelberg
Walter Pollock's own house in Heidelberg (1957)
(source: Australian Home Beautiful, Reeves Collection)


House No 351 for AWW Home Planning Service
House No A351 for AWW Home Planning Service (1959)
(source: Australian Women's Weekly)


House No 351 for AWW Home Planning Service
Walter Pollock's own house in Toorak (1972)
(source: The Age)

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