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KEITH REID (1906-1999) and the REID PARTNERSHIP

Biographical Overview

The thriving post-war architectural firm ultimately known as the Reid Partnership traced its origins back to the pre-war practice of Keith Reid.  Born in Richmond on 20 October 1906, Reid completed his education at Swinburne Technical College and the University of Melbourne Architectural Atelier.  Concurrent with his studies, in the late 1920s, he was employed in the office of Cedric Ballantyne (1876-1954), where he worked on the Regent Theatre in Collins Street.  During the lean depression years, Reid and his friend Rae Featherstone worked together, making models for the SEC to illustrate how electricity could be used in buildings.  During this period, Reid also distinguished himself in several architectural competitions.  In 1930, his scheme for a new St Kilda Town Hall won second prize in the RVIA Silver Medal competition.  Later that year, he entered the RVIA Ideal Homes Competition and was awarded first first prize in two different categories: Type A (Single Storey) and Type B (Double Storey).  One of his winning entries, designed in an English cottage style, was described in the press as "a very happy and refreshing contribution to domestic architecture".  

Around 1931, Reid entered into partnership with Sydney-born John Andrew "Jock" Pearson (1908-1987).  Their most celebrated project (designed in association with Stuart Calder) was the stylish Streamlined Moderne showroom for MacPhersons Ltd in Collins Street.  The building was much lauded locally, and was even published overseas in an American journal, the Architect & Engineer.  While the firm of Reid & Pearson undertook some residential and commercial commissions, the bulk of their output was ecclesiastical projects - mostly for the Presbyterian church - which would form the mainstay of Reid's career for several decades.  Architecturally, their work displayed an interesting hybrid character, combining fashionable historicist styles with cutting-edge planning and detailing.  A block of flats in Toorak, for example, was lauded by the Argus as a "very modern adaptation of the English cottage style", whilst incorporating up-to-date facilities such as compact kitchens with ventilated cupboards, dedicated storage areas and other modern labour-saving devices.  It was also during this period of flourishing professional activity that Reid married Ailsa Graham Bow; the couple had three sons.

The partnership of Reid & Pearson ceased with the onset of the Second World War.  In the early wartime years , Reid was employed by the Commonwealth Department of Munitions. Then, in June 1943, he enlisted with the Australian Army and, like many other architects, served with the Royal Engineers.  Discharged in October 1946 with the rank of Lieutenant, Reid returned to civilian life in Melbourne and resumed private practice under his own name.  As had been the case during the 1930s, Reid concentrated on ecclesiastical projects.  Around 1950, he formed a partnership with K Murray Forster (1907-1967), an architect who also undertook much work for the Presbyterian church.  The two men rented office space in the upstairs front room of a two-storey terrace house on Latrobe Street (the rear room being occupied by another architect, Horace Tribe, with whom Reid had studied at the atelier).  Despite the mutual Presbyterian connection, the partnership  of Reid & Forster did not prove successful.  It ended amicably in 1951, with the two former partners continuing to share the same office space for some years thence.  Reid took on several staff, including English-born draftsman Ray Godfrey and, later, Austrian emigre Hugh Schroeder, later to become a noted architect in his own right.  

In his post-war practice, Reid continued to specialised in church projects.  As was the case in the pre-war years, Reid's churches were often characterised by traditional exteriors with modern interiors.  A church at Glen Iris (1954) was designed in a "refined conventional style" reminiscent of Perpendicular Gothic, yet included such internal innovations as a separate children's chapel, and a projection room contained in the tower.  Later, Reid developed a style that expressed traditional ecclesiastical forms in a modernist vocabulary.  This is typified by his Baptist Church in Canterbury (1962), which had a transept with fashionable zigzagging roof, a stylized tower with vertical fins and narrow spire, and a stained glass window-wall articulated with fin-like piers.  In a particularly striking example at Horsham (also 1962), Reid used a jagged plan form that was echoed in an eye-catching roofline, with a projecting diamond-shaped belvedere.

In 1963, Keith’s eldest son John Reid joined the practice and was admitted into partnership in 1967, forming Keith Reid and John R Reid, Architects.  John had matriculated with honours in 1955 (Dux of Art at Scotch College) and entered Melbourne University on a Commonwealth Scholarship where, during the five years, he won the CSR Prize for General Excellence, the Dunlop Rubber Prize, the Tasmanian Timber Prize, the James F Brett Plywood Design Prize and the Picton Hopkins Design Prize.  He was an Exchange Student to the USA in 1959 and graduated with Honours and the Stephenson & Turner Medal for Top Student in 1960.  After graduation he travelled and worked in Europe and the USA including a stint in the New York office of I M Pei. Like his father, John won early acclaim in design competitions including housing contests sponsored by the RAIA Small Homes Service, second prize in the Melbourne Civic Square Competition of 1969 and third prize for the same competition in 1976 and second prize in the Merchant Builders System House Competition in 1971.  The house that John designed for his family at Lower Templestowe in 1964 was selected by Architecture & Arts as "One of the Ten Best Buildings of the Year".  

In the 1960s and '70s the practice of
Keith Reid and John R Reid became well known for private residential commissions and expanded into sporting stadiums and State Bank Victoria branches. The latter association, which came about after a SSB architect visited John's own house for a final inspection as a condition of his bank loan, saw John serve as partner-in-charge of 127 State Bank Victoria projects between 1966 and 1989.  Of these, the most important was the complete redevelopment of the Ballarat branch (1972-75), which involved the retention and adaptation of existing historic buildings as well as new work, all undertaken while the bank remained in daily operation.  John has served on the RAIA Education Committee, and in later years on the RAIA Complaints Committee. He was a Visiting Design Lecturer at Melbourne University from 1963 to 1975 and was elected as a Fellow of the RAIA in 1983.

Perhaps inevitably, the practice was also joined by Keith Reid's other architect son, Graham Reid, who had continued the family tradition of winning prizes and competitions.  A brilliant student, Graham matriculated with honours and, commencing his Bachelor of Architecture at the University of Melbourne, received the
coveted Nell Norris Scholarship.  While still a student, he entered a high-profile housing competition co-sponsored by the RAIA and the Gas & Fuel Corporation known as the Blue Flame project; his design (along with another submitted by brother John) was erected as part of the Blue Flame display village in Vermont South.  After joining the family firm, Graham was elevated to the position of director when the business was re-configured in 1978 as the Reid Partnership Pty Ltd.  It was Graham who was chiefly responsible for expanding the practice to encapsulate education projects, including many child care centres, primary and secondary schools and buildings for tertiary institutions.  One notable achievement was the development of a modular system known as the "Core Plus" school, where relocatable classrooms were added to a core of permanent buildings (administration, library, art room and multi-purpose hall) around a central courtyard.

In 1990 the firm’s founder Keith Reid retired at the age of 84 and the Reid Partnership continued under John and Graham until November 1996, when it merged with Woodhead International.  One of the last surviving stalwarts of Melbourne’s pre-war architectural scene, Keith Reid died on 28 August 1999, aged 92 years. 



Select List of Projects

Reid & Pearson (1931-1941)
1933
1935
1936
1937
1938

1939


1940
1941
Showroom for MacPhersons Ltd, 546-566 Collins Street [with Stuart Calder]
Block of flats, Toorak
Residence, Coolangatta Road, Camberwell
House, Bairnsdale
Sunday School, St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Oakleigh
Residence, Geelong Road, Footscray
Factory, Sunshine Road, Sunshine
[with Stuart Calder]
Sunday School, Presbyterian Ewing Memorial Church, Burke Road, East Malvern
Site layout and buildings, Presbyterian Fellowship Association Camp, Mornington
Church of St Michael of all the Angels, Mount Dandenong
Residence, Mount Martha

Keith Reid (1946-1949)
1946
1947

1948
Presbyterian Church, Dundonnell
St John's 
Church of England, Croydon
Additions (including new kitchen), Kilmany Park Boys' Farm, Sale 

Keith Reid and K Murray Forster (1949-51)
1951
Church, Red Bluff [near Wodonga]
Public Hall, Welshpool
Residence, Bolton Street, Beaumaris

Keith Reid (1951-1964) 
1951
1952

1953


1954




1955
1958
1959
1960
1962

1963


1964

St Paul's Church of England, Gisborne
Kindergarten Hall, Presbyterian Church, Wattle Park
Hall, Presbyterian Church, Balwyn North
Presbyterian Church, Glen Iris
Presbyterian Manse, Ballarat
Additions to Doctor's Residence, Plenty Road, Preston
St Margaret's Presbyterian Church, Hull Road, Mooroolbark
Residence for J Haysom, Mount Eliza
Additions to St George's Church, Ryrie Street, Geelong
Kindergarten Hall, Presbyterian Church, Reservoir
Residence, Hampton
St Columba's Presbyterian Church, Sale
Presbyterian Church, The Avenue, Blackburn
Presbyterian Church, Louisa Street, Coburg
Presbyterian Church, Templestowe
Baptist Church, 1a Balwyn Road, Canterbury
St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Horsham
St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Fowler Street, Moe
Residence, 73 Oak Street, Beaumaris
Baptist Church, Price Street, Aberfeldie
Residence, Riverside Avenue, Ivanhoe

Keith & John R Reid (1965-1978)
1965


1967
1969

1970

1972-75
1973
1974
1976
Residence for John Reid, 72 Macedon Road, Templestowe Lower
Residence, Argyle Street, Macelod
Residence, Citron Avenue, Balwyn North

Residence, Dellas Street, Templestowe
NSK Ball Bearing Plant, Geelong
Civic Square for the City of Melbourne [competition entry]
Residence, Point Lonsdale
Tarago Valley Masonic Lodge, 215 Main Neerim Road, Neerim South
Redevelopment of banking premises for State Savings Bank, Ballarat
Residence, Anglesea

Residence, Ranleigh Rise, Templestowe
Residence, Queenscliff

Reid Partnership (1978-1990)
1979
1983
1984
1985
1987
1991

1992

Billanook Primary School, Montrose
Public housing development, Glenmore Street, Box Hill
Yarraville West Primary School, Powell Street, Yarraville
Barry Beckett Child Care Centre, Connolly Avenue, Coburg
Civic Centre, Palmers Road, Lakes Entrance
Sports Stadium, Loyola College, Greensborough
Additions to St Hilary's Anglican Church, Kew
Victorian (now Australian) College of Optometry, Cardigan Streets, Carlton
Keith Reid Architect
Keith Reid around the time of his retirement
(
source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Keith Reid Atelier Project 1928
Project for an almshouse, prepared by Keith Reid at the Melbourne University Architectural Atelier (1928)


Keith Reid 1930 competition entry
Keith Reid's prize-winning entry in 1930 RVIA Competition (source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Reid & Pearson with Stuart Calder
MacPhersons' Showroom, Collins Street (1936)
(source: courtesy John Reid, architect)



Keith Reid Church Mount Dandenong
Church of St Michael of all Angels, Kalorama (1940) (source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Keith Reid Church Canterbury
St John's Anglican Church, Croydon (1947)


Keith & John R Reid
St Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Horsham (1963)
(source: photograph by Built Heritage Pty Ltd)


Keith & John R Reid
John Reid's own house in Templestowe (1964)
(source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Keith & John R Reid
State Savings Bank of Victoria, Ballarat (1972-75)
(source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Keith & John R Reid
John Reid's third prize-winning entry in the design competition for the new Melbourne City Square (1976)
(source: courtesy John Reid, architect) 


Keith & John R Reid
Additions to St Hilary's Anglican Church, Kew (1991)
(source: courtesy John Reid, architect)


Keith & John R Reid
Victorian College of Optometry, Carlton (1992)
(source: courtesy Graham Reid, architect)


The author would like to acknowlede the input of Keith's sons and former partners, John and Graham Reid, for sharing recollections, documentation and historic images from their private collections.  
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